There are 3 most important principals of security called CIA triad in short of which are:
Confidentiality; is the measures used to ensure the protection of the secrecy of the resource. and the goal is to prevent or minimise unauthorised access to it.
eg. Encryption, access controls …
Integrity; is the concept of protecting the reliability and correctness of data by avoiding unauthorised modifications to it.
Examination of integrity can be categorised into three;
- Preventing unauthorised subjects from making modifications
- Preventing authorised subject from making unauthorised modifications. eg. mistakes
- Maintaining the internal and external consistency of objects so that their data is a correct and any relationship with any child, peer or parent object is valid, consistent and verifiable.
Availability; means authorised subjects are granted timely and uninterrupted access to the resources